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Tuesday, March 5, 2013

Intravenous Fluid: Mannitol

20% Solution for Intravenous Injection

Formulation:
Each 100ml contains 20g of Mannitol, USP.

Osmolarity: 1098 mOsm/L

pH: 4.5 to 7.0

Type: Hypertonic

Availability: 500ml

Indication: Osmotic diuresis

Side Effect: May cause hypernatremia and pulmonary edema to patient receiving it.

Special Instruction: Use sterile IV set with filter. If crystallization occurs, heat and agitate in hot water at 60o to 80o C. Cool to body temperature prior to administration.