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Tuesday, March 5, 2013

Intravenous Fluid: Normal Saline Solution

0.9% Sodium Chloride Solution

Formulation:
Each 100ml contains 900mg of Sodium Chloride.

Electrolytes in 1L:
Sodium.............................154mmol
Chloride............................154mmol

Osmolarity: 308 mOms/L

pH: 4.5 to 7.0

Type: Isotonic

Availability: 1000ml and 500ml

Indication: Shock, hyponatremia, blood transfusions, resuscitation, fluid challenges, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), and for replacement or maintenance of fluid and electrolytes.

Caution: Can lead to overload and use with precaution in patients with heart failure or edema.

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