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Sunday, February 24, 2013

Basic Life Support

American Heart Association (AHA) and ASHI adult chain of survival depict critical actions required to treat life threatening emergencies.

Once you have detected an emergency case immediately provide early access to emergency response system, early CPR, early defibrillation and early advanced care for the individual needing your help.

The common disease that needed emergency support is heart attack. As we know heart attack occurs when the heart muscle does not fully oxygenated or receive enough oxygen and the heart muscles stats to die. A heart attack is caused by blockage of artery especially the coronary artery, which is the major blood vessels that provides blood and oxygen to the heart muscle. Acute myocardial infarction is the medical term for heart attack. Heart attack does not occur instantly without factors that contribute to its existence. Risk factors such as hereditary, gender and age are the major ones that contributory to it, including the smoking, high blood pressure, diet, exercise, diabetes mellitus, obesity, stress and elevated cholesterol worsen the condition of heart attack.


To easily know that the case is heart attack signs and symptoms be identified. Warnings of signs and symptoms of heart attack are such:
  1. Severe sweating
  2. Nausea
  3. Chest discomfort
  4. Feeling of indigestion
  5. Shortness of breath
  6. Pain, numbness or tingling in the arms
  7. Pain in the upper back between the shoulder blades that lasts longer than 2 minutes.
In cardiac arrest, blood flow stops and the brain, heart and other organs are deprived of oxygen supply. The victim will become unconscious and unresponsive and will have no adequate breathing , no signs of circulation and pulse. Victims in cardiac arrest often gasps for breath, these gasping are termed agonal respiration. Agonal respiration will not maintain oxygenation or ventilation so the gasping victim is not efficiently breathing. The signs of cardiac arrest are no response, inefficient breathing, and no signs of circulation.

When risk factors in the heart attack does not change or improve, especially high cholesterol levels, obesity and high BP, these may lead to destruction of major organs in the body. The brain which is the center of all processes will be greatly affected.. When this happen the body will shutdown instantly, whenever an emergency care has not provided. The bleeding or blockage of the vessels in the brain that cause deprivation of oxygen supply into the brain can lead to stroke. Stroke or aneurysm is the rapid onset of neurological problems that can be developed when a blood vessel in the brain becomes blocked so that an area of the brain receives no blood and oxygen or it can develop when blood vessel in the brain ruptures and bleeds into the brain.

Signs and symptoms of stroke are the following:
  1. Sudden numbness or weakness of face, arm, or leg especially on one side of the the body.
  2. Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes.
  3. Sudden confusion or trouble speaking or understanding.
  4. Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination
  5. Sudden severe headache with no known cause.
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